Course Information
Course Title: Hazardous Wastes - Sampling, Sample Preparation (leaching tests), Compliant Analysis using ICP-AES and MS, Regulations, Risk Assessment and Recycling
Categories: 1 - Atomic Spectrometry
2 - Quality/Regulatory/Compliance
3 - Environmental Analysis
4 - Sample Preparation
5 - Inductively Coupled Plasma
6 - Validation
Instructor(s): Daniel Solomon Course Number: 98
Affiliation: EGODAN
Course Date: 03/12/2012 - Monday Course Length: 1 Day Course
Start Time: 08:30 AM End Time: 05:00 PM
Fee: $455 ($655 after 2/13/12) Textbook Fee:

Course Description
THIS COURSE OFFERS A BROAD INTRODUCTION TO THE STATE-OF-THE-SCIENCE AND PRACTICE OF SAMPLING, EXTRACTION (LEACHING) PROTOCOLS, PLASMA-BASED ANALYSIS FOR WASTE MATERIALS, REGULATIONS AND ECOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT. The syllabus of the short course includes the following: a. Sampling plan b. Sampling devices c. Basics of leaching tests for waste materials, specifically for inorganic species d. Factors influencing contaminant leaching e. Current regulatory leaching tests f. Sample preparation, g. Set up of ICP-AES and MS methodologies, h. Sources of interferences in the plasma-based procedures i. Leaching tests for evaluating risk associated with solid waste management for decision making. j. Recycling

Target Audience
Professionals involved in management and regulation of wastes. Environmental technologists involved in interpretation of leaching data. Chemists involved in using ICP-AES and MS. Toxicologists involved in risk assessment to human health. Geochemists studying effect of waste disposal on ground water, soils, partition of pollutants from solid to liquid phase.

Course Outline
DEFINITION OF A HAZARDOUS WASTE
Under RCRA, (Resource Conservation and Recovery Act)

REGULATION LIMITS
Definition and discussion of regulations limits – prevention of deviating wastes being introduced into effluent waste recycling systems RCRA  - establish the criteria for identifying hazardous waste and managing it from its point of generation to ultimate disposal. 

Sampling plan
Representative of actual site conditions and effluent input
The location and frequency of sampling 

Sampling procedures 
Unbiased/random, Stratified Random, Biased/authoritative  Composite, Grab, Auto sampling,Systematic, Ranked, Sequential Sampling

SAMPLING DEVICES
SAMPLE PRESERVATION  

COMPLIANT CHEMICAL ANALYSIS 
Trace,  minor and major elements and element species ICP-AES and ICP-MS, conventional parameters, on-line for continuous monitoring of the sample media. 

LEACHING TESTS
Leaching Test Objectives - Classification of wastes as hazardous or non-hazardous for regulatory application, Evaluation of leaching potential of pollutants resulting from a waste under specified environmental conditions - site-specific leaching conditions, 
Types of Leaching Tests
Batch leaching tests
Extraction Procedure Toxicity (EP-Tox; US EPA Method 1310, 2001)
Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP; US EPA Method 1311, 2001).
Waste Extraction Test (WET; California Code of Regulations, 1985),California Waste Extraction Test (WET)
Whole effluent toxicity (WETOX) test methods for use in the NPDES (National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System) monitoring  American Society for Testing and Materials extraction test (ASTM D3987-85, 2001
Multiple Extraction Procedure (MEP; US EPA Method 1320). 
Deionized water leaching procedure (DWLP) test.
Regulatory Batch Tests in European Countries
Field Test
Column tests
Shortcomings of batch leaching procedures 
Classification of wastes according to leachable concentrations TTLC value, STLC value 

Factors Affecting Leaching
  Physical, Chemical-Biological Factors, Particle size, Contact time, homogeneity. Liquid-to-Solid (L/S) Ratio, Temperature, pH, Redox, e.g. biologically induced, acid drainage, Complexation - - speciation. Precipitation, organic carbon content,

       LEACHING TESTS FOR RISK-BASED DECISION MAKING OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT - Risk assessment

RECYCLING PROCEDURES

Course Instructor's Biography
Daniel Solomon is the director of the Environmental Division of the Tel Aviv Region for Wastes and the Environment. Daniel oversees the management and operation of waste handling in the most densely populated part of the country. This includes, the design of sampling strategies, compliant laboratory validation according to USEPA requirements, application of the data and risk assessment of the central waste collection facility and recycling for agricultural use Daniel Solomon's wide expertise includes chemical, biological and physical treatments, regulations, treatment plants, site remediation, utilization of recycled waste water in agriculture, sludge disposal – landfills, incineration, vitrification. Dr. Isaac (Joe) Brenner is an independent consultant for QA/QC, accreditation and method validation for compliant analysis of waters and wastes using ICP-AES and MS . He is an independent ISO 17025 auditor for sampling, sample preparation and analysis of waters and wastes. He currently serves as a scientific adviser to the Tel Aviv Authority and holds a academic position in the Institute of Analytical and Food Chemistry in Graz. Austria . Dr Brenner was the application laboratory manager in Jobin Yvon, Longjumeau, France, a senior analytical scientist for ICP and ICP-MS at the Varian Research Center, Palo Alto and for ICP-MS and AES at Thermo Fisher Scientific in Winsford, UK and Madrid, Spain. Dr Joe Brenner has delivered more than 700 presentations, short courses, round table discussions at universities, international symposiums, research institutes, and instrument manufacturer forums; he has 100 peer-reviewed scientific publications.