||Frontiers in Atomic Spectrometry using ICP/MS as Ionisation Source II: Isotopic Analysis of Heavy Elements for Environmental, Forensic, Biomedical and Industrial Applications
||1 - Atomic Spectrometry-Spectroscopy
2 - Clinical Analysis
3 - Environmental Analysis
4 - Food
5 - Forensics
6 - Inductively Coupled Plasma
||03/09/2017 - Thursday
||1/2 Day Course
||$325 ($425 after 2/18/17)
|The development of ICP/MS with multicollection allows to promote the routine use of isotopic signatures as an addition of the current inorganic information that is the total metal content, and/or the speciation of the elements of interests. IPC MS sources are very useful and have allowed to promote the increasing use of isotopic information of elements in a wide range of applications. Initially promoted in the field of geochemistry, it is now gaining major applications in a whole array of applications dealing with our daily life: environment, life sciences, nuclear or clinical applications and now in topics such as food authenticity or even in industrial uses. There is therefore a rapid need of raising the awareness of the potential use, increasing of simplification and rationalization of isotopic signatures to these new routine domains extending then the new frontiers of atomic spectrometry.
a.Overview of the fundamental of isotopic uses and information.
b.Traditional and classical aspects of the full analytical chain from sampling, extraction and detection of isotopes of interests species.
c.Main traditional analytical approaches for most commonly used isotops: Sr, Pb, Hg, Cd, Cu,...
d.Review, examination and critically assess major developments in sample collection, preservation, preparation, analyte detection and validation.
e.Identification of the areas of growing demand
| The objectives of this course are to explore the scope of isotopic analysis to an audience ranging from the beginner to the average and confirmed expert of inorganic analysis. It will cover a comprehensive review of the “state of the art” allowing to determe where and when isotopic information can be of use to solve environmental or industrial issues.
1-1 What are isotopes?
1-2 Historical background
1-3 Isotopic fractionations as a source of information
2.Heavy element isotopic analysis: Analytical strategies
2-1 Sample preparation
2-4 Detection Multi-collectors ICP-MS (MC-ICP-MS)
2-5 Hyphenated strategies with MC-ICP-MS
3. Environmental applications:
3-1 Source and process information
3-2 Bio-geochemical cycle of elements: Example of Hg, Pb
3-3 Animal migration tracing
3-4 Geochronological dating
4. Biomedical and clinical applications:
4-1 Natural isotopic variations in organisms
4-2 Potential diagnostic and prognostic markers
5. Forensic applications:
5.1 Food traceability and anti-counterfeiting applications
5.2 Crime scene
6. Industrial applications :
6-1 Petroleum industry
6-2 Industrial pollution monitoring
Course Instructor's Biography
Dr. Olivier F.X. Donard is a Research Director at the French CNRS, He is the head of the “Mass Spectrometry Center for Reactivity ad Speciation Sciences” and is the codirector of a commercial enterprise (Ultra Traces Analyses Aquitaine - UT2A) dedicated to speciation analysis. He has developed analytical strategies and promoted speciation related issues for a large variety of international environmental organizations (USA EPA, Dutch Ministry of Water and Environment, and French Fisheries IFREMER). He has pioneered several approaches for sample preparation, derivatization, and detection using atomic absorption, atomic fluorescence, ICP-AES and mass spectrometries that facilitate routine “elemental speciation” and is now developing similar approach in isotopic analysis both applied for fundamental research of commercial analytical applications. He is the author of more than 290 international publications in analytical and environmental chemistry He has delivered over 130 plenary and invited lectures at international meetings and more than 500 poster and oral presentations on the topic of atomic spectrometry, speciation and now isotopic signatures applied to a large array of applications. He has an h factor of 50 (ISI Web Sciences). He is the cofounder and an executive member of the “European Virtual Institute of Speciation Analysis - EVISA”. He collaborates with instrument and sample preparation manufacturers in order to improve instrument performance and preserve the integrity of the species of interest.
Dr. Sylvain Bérail is currently engineer at the French National research center (CNRS). He’s working in the Pluridisciplinary Insitute of Research on Environment and Material (IPREM-LCABIE) at the University of Pau. He started his career working for a private company (Evans Analytical Group) as a GD-MS operator and then as ICP department manager. In 2008 he joined the IPREM institute where he is in charge of the MC-ICP-MS facilities. In addition, he was invited in 2014 as a guest researcher in the NIST (National Institute of Standard and Technology) at the HML (Hollings Marine Laboratory, Charleston SC, USA) to promote Hg isotopic analysis for environmental studies. His scientific interests include the use of non-traditional stable isotopes (Hg,Pb,Sr,…) as a tool for environmental research and food authenticity. This include the development of hyphenations between MC-ICP-MS and specific introduction systems (Laser, chromatography,...) to open new fields of applications for isotopic analysis.